Elementary School (Gr. 3-5) » Elementary (3-5) Science

Elementary (3-5) Science

Welcome to 3-5 Science!
Elementary Science Curriculum: Scope & Sequence


Third Grade

Fourth Grade

Fifth Grade

1st Trimester


    • Soil investigations, tree habitats
  • Treehouse exploration


    • Bird adaptations, bird habitats, bird observations
  • Audubon and treehouse exploration of birds

Water (General)

  • Review water cycle
  • Different sources of water on Earth, fresh water on Earth
  • Water use reduction
  • Water health


  • What is a watershed, what watershed do we live in
  • Contributions to a watershed include groundwater, surface water and precipitation
  • Capture, store, and release water
  • Seasonal watersheds
  • Dream a Stream

Earth and Time (Geological Time)

  • Geologic time
  • How Earth and solar system formed
  • Radioactive dating
  • Early Atmosphere and Earth
  • Big History Project

Inside Earth/Geology

  • Rocks and minerals, Earth-time scale, dinosaurs, fossils
  • Metamorphic, igneous, and sedimentary rocks

Plate Tectonics

  • Pangea and continental drift
  • Convergent/Divergent, Subduction, convection, mid ocean ridges

2nd Trimester

Sound and Physics

  • Waves, volume frequency, vibration, parts of the human ear, sonar, radar, echolocation
  • Newton’s Laws, force and motion, inertia and mass, action and reaction force

Solar System

  • Early astronauts, early discovery tools,
  • Sun, Earth, planets
  • What is a system, orbit, rotate, revolution
  • Meteors, comets, asteroids

Water Testing

  • Macroinvertebrates:
  • Vocab and materials for water testing
  • Dissolved Oxygen, pH, Nitrogen
  • Nitrates, biotic/abiotic, Phosphates
  • Use results of water testing to determine health of the water

Shad in the Classroom

  • Fish impacts on watersheds, water tests upstream and downstream, hydroponic plant garden? (water effects on plants)
  • Fish adaptations: Fashion a fish
  • Fred the Fish


  • Seismic tomography, news and history
  • Epicenters, P/S waves, magnitude
  • Building for earthquakes, Richter vs. Modified Mercalli Scale
  • Building Project


  • Types of volcanoes, ring of fire, extinct/dormant
  • Building Volcanoes


  • Basic cartography, orienteering, compass skills, topography/bathymetry
 3rd Trimester


  • Plant agriculture and sustainability, history of agriculture, biotic/abiotic factors, soil tests, CSAs
  • Other things on farms- animals, products from them

Food Cycles

  • Tie together plants and animals, herbivores/carnivores/ omnivores
  • Food processing, nutrition, farm to table
  • Flood control: effects on ecosystems/ habitats/ change, STEM building dams, natural dams
  • Hydroelectric Power: physical science tie in to magnets, electricity, kinetic/potential energy, circuits
  • Issues: Habitat change/loss, environmental impacts on watersheds


  • Horseshoe crabs, anatomy, fish, birds, wildlife
  • Early atmosphere
  • Layers of the atmosphere, air pressure, makeup, importance, heat absorption
  • Seasons

Weather and Climate

  • Weather forecasting, fronts, weather maps and symbols, isobars
  • Weather vs climate, climate change debate


  • Types: wind, water, ice


This is my 3rd year at Green Woods Charter School! I greatly enjoy teaching environmental science with 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade! I am looking forward to many fun filled projects with students this year.


The Science Rundown:

3rd Grade- We begin exploring Forests, leaves, and soil testing. By the 2nd Trimester, we focus on sound and physics. In physics, we will build marble runs and applying Newton’s law of force and motion. Towards the end of the Trimester, we examine the planets in the solar system.

4th grade- We begin reviewing the water cycle. We focus on watersheds and the impact of polluted water. We get into water testing and studying Macroinvertebrates. Our big projects focuses on raising trout in the classroom in order to release them in the Spring! We end the year learning about Shad, Dams, and Estuaries.

5th grade- We begin the year with learning about the formation of the earth. We study rocks and layers. Towards the middle of the year, we work on big projects with building earthquake proof structures, and erupting volcanoes! In our 3rd Trimester, we deepen our understanding of the Atmosphere, expand on weathering, climate change, and erosion.